Growing or farming season is a period of the year during which growing conditions, like temperature and moisture, are most favorable for cultivation of crops. Understanding when these periods of growth occur helps farmers better manage their farm production and better understand how variability in climate affects the ability of farmers to plant, grow and harvest specific crops.
The growing periods are determined based on the start of the rainy season, potential evapotranspiration and temperature. It follows that some areas of the world are not suitable for crop growth at any time, some are suitable year round and some are defined by multiple growing seasons. Around the world, there are different growing seasons, depending on the distance of countries from the equator.
Farming Season in Europe and North America
Europe and North America belong to the temperate region, which has warm summers and cold winters and the length of the growing season depends mostly on temperature. This is typically from April until October or November, although this varies considerably with latitude and altitude, e.g. in most of the Portugal and Spain the growing season is almost year-round while in northern Finland and the higher Alps it may be only from June to September.
Farming Season in South America and Indonesia
Central and South America and Indonesia have a tropic climate, it's warm year-round and the growing season can last the entire year. In Indonesia, the growing season is sometimes interrupted by a rainy season, during which is too wet to grow crops.
Farming Season in India
Indian farming is dependent to a large extent on monsoons, soil and relief. The Indian farming season is classified into two main seasons based on the monsoon and one season based on irrigation practices:
- Kharif (autumn) farming season, from July –October during the south-west monsoon
- Rabi (spring) farming season, from October-March (winter)
- Zaid season, crops are grown throughout the year due to artificial irrigation.
Farming Season in Africa
Africa's seasons fall broadly into three periods:
- Rainy season (December–April): During these months is warm and wet, with temperatures generally at 20°C. Most yearly rainfall occurs at this time.
- Cool dry season (May–August): Temperatures drop, averaging around 16°C. July is usually the coldest month.
- Hot dry season (September–November): Temperatures rise rapidly and reach into 30°C with high humidity, making this season one of the least comfortable times of the year.
Farming Season in East Asia
The climate of East Asia is both similar to and different from the climate of Europe and North America. It's similar to cold winters and warm summers and different in that most of the rainfalls occur during the warm summer months, rather than during the winter months. This abundant water supply during the warm growing season allows intensive farming, with two and sometimes three crop cycles per year.
Around the world, there are many growing seasons due to elevation or height above sea level and temperature of a given region. Accordingly, each region has its own unique crop production cycles, which require certain farming techniques to achieve higher yields.
Now, when farmers have an insight into an abundance of farming seasons across the world, they are able to better manage their farm production. Not only knowledge of growing seasons helps farmers manage their production but also using modern farming tools such as farm management software Agrivi. With best practices processes for over 100 different crops, powerful analytics and reports, Agrivi helps farmers track their whole farm production and allows the complete overview of farm's productivity and profitability.
The latitudes and longitudes dictate various growing seasons and farming activities, but you can manage your farm simply and easy with Agrivi system.