We can't live without food. Food is a number one necessity of every human being, a basic human right, along with water. But not all people can satisfy this daily need; many have nothing to eat. Moreover, 1 of 9 people (from 805 million) goes hungry to bed every day. Therefore, food shortage becomes the number one global problem.
One paradox stands out of this theme; there is enough arable land to produce food to feed the entire population, and yet, there are millions of malnourished and hungry. Several reasons led to this situation – low land productivity, expensive farm commodity (fertilizers, pesticides, seeds), lack of good farm practice, and climate change.
This has to be changed. Some activities have already been made, such as the establishment of the World Food Day which, as an international day, highlights the burning questions of a global civilization – global hunger, malnutrition, and poverty eradication.
Food insecurity though led to the global migration of population. In the last few years, there has been a huge increase in the number of people migrating around the world. The alarming fact is that 1 out of every 7 people on the planet was a migrant in 2015.
Food insecurity along with migration can be mitigated by increasing farm productivity per field. The best way to achieve this is by providing certain farm management practices that will protect the soil and plant health, prolong sustainable farming as well as adopt modern farm technologies such as irrigation technology, farm sensors, yield mapping, modern machinery etc.
Another reason is unavailable access to farm materials like seed, fertilizers and crop protection products. The lack of farm commodities, appropriate knowledge, and skills make farmers in low-income countries less productive and unable to produce enough food.
Aiming to help feed the world and reduce food insecurity, farmers in developing countries need to get access to a reliable source of quality food and sufficient resources to purchase it as well as to produce their own food. Just like a known proverb says: ‘’Give men a fish and he will eat one day, but teach him how to fish and he will eat every day.’’
The important factor to achieve this goal is also gender equality, where women will be impoverished by equal inputs as men.
Why Is Food Security Important?
Food security means that a person has a physical, social and economic access to sufficient food at all times to meet dietary needs for a productive and healthy life.
Growing population, raising of food prices, and climate change also has a significant impact on food security. These environmental and social stressors have drastically changed the global map.
Migrations have always been a part of human life and this is something that will continue to happen. Therefore, the goal of promoting the day like this is to address the structural drivers of large movements of people to make migration safe, orderly and regular. In this way, migration can contribute to economic growth and improve food security and rural livelihoods, thus advancing countries’ progress in achieving sustainable development goals.
Image sources: University of Oxford